Last week, Techpresident.com published a fantastic interview between Alex Howard and James Windon, President of Brigade.com. You should read it. I’m going to riff on one point in a long, fascinating interview. Please read the interview first, it’s better than anything I’m going to say.
Caught up now? Good. Okay, here goes.
I still don’t know what Brigade is going to be. It’s been on the horizon for about 6 months. I’ve kept my eye out. I still have no clue. It sounds a bit like Change.org 1.0 — a social network for civic participation. Change.org 1.0 didn’t work. Neither did Change.org 2.0, 2.1, or 2.2 (variations on an issue blogging platform and a one-stop participatory shop). Change.org didn’t succeed as a business until it stopped trying to be a civic social network and started trying to be a really, really good petition website.
Reading the interview hasn’t left me any clearer on what Brigade is going to be. And I’m going to try to keep an open mind when it launches. But two lines in the interview really stood out (bolded below) :
Q: I mean the fascination with ‘big data’ in the Obama campaign has subsumed the fact that both parties have a ground game. Both parties send people out with mobile apps. Both parties are trying to nudge people to use their social networks to target ads. So the campaigns are all about this. What’s the role of Brigade when the campaigns are all in that space?
A: I think it’s twofold. One, I think it’s about who’s your primary customer. And for Brigade, that primary customer is the citizen. The goal of this is to build a network that can connect citizens. And if we can do that, then we would invite and encourage candidates and elected officials to come on to that platform on the terms of the citizens who are there. So I think that’s one thing. We will ultimately interface with the existing structures of government, we hope. But there’s a difference between building tools for them from the get-go and then trying to plug the lists in, which is what this is really about, list management, versus building a social network.
You mentioned customers. Y’all are not a nonprofit.
A: We’re not a nonprofit.
Q: Where’s the money come from? Right now, it’s coming from funders, but down the road…?
A: I think that our best bet at how we will monetize is through advertising. That’s our best bet at the moment. We believe however that…
It’s become a bit of a cliche to say “if you aren’t paying for the service, then you aren’t the customer, you’re the product.” But it’s also a pretty damn important point.
Let’s think this through, using some other for-profits who operate in and around the non-profit advocacy arena as examples:
Change.org is a free service, used by millions of citizens. But those citizens aren’t Change.org’s customers. Advertisers (mostly non-profits and political campaigns) trying to cultivate new leads from among those active citizens are the customers. Change.org provides a sleek user experience because more users = more business from their customers.
NationBuilder is not a free service. It’s a CRM, used by thousands of campaigns and organizations, who in turn communicate with millions of supporters. Those campaigns and organizations are customers. The millions of supporters are not. NationBuilder works to meet the needs of the campaigns and organizations that pay them. If those campaigns want to send their supporters 50 emails per day, the supporters may hate it, but NationBuilder will make it possible. That’s their job.
Upworthy is a free service for the millions of people who visit the site, or view their videos on the social web. But those end-users are not Upworthy’s customers. Allied organizations, who sponsor Upworthy curators in specific subject areas, are the customers.
That last example, Upworthy, is the most interesting one. Upworthy doesn’t monetize through advertising. And that has led them to track alternate metrics of success — “Attention Minutes,” instead of page views or unique visitors. If Upworthy monetized through advertising, they would focus on maximizing page views and uniques. That’s what pays the bills. But Upworthy monetizes through convincing customers that visitors are deeply engaging, so they started tracking different things.
As Dan Ariely likes to say, “You Are What You Measure” (h/t Daniel Mintz). And, as an obvious corrolary, your metrics are derived from your customer demands.
With all that said, I still don’t know what Brigade is going to be. Right now, it has a big pile of VC money, and a lot of talented people on staff. That’s a nice opening position.
But I find it troubling that the company’s President is referring to citizens as “primary customers.” They aren’t the customers. The advertisers are the customers.
Balancing the interests and needs of citizens and advertisers is one of the serious tensions that Brigade will need to navigate if it is going to succeed. That’s hard to do. And if Windon and company have a plan for it, they’re doing one hell of a job keeping it a secret.